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How to Install Linux on a Chromebook?

Installing the Linux OS on a Chromebook is not difficult if you refer to the quick steps given on our site. The Linux OS can be installed in many ways. You can switch from Chromebook OS to Linux OS at any time based on your wish. Let us see how to install Linux on a Chromebook

Before installing Linux on your Chromebook:

  • Create a backup of all your files and move them to Google drive.
  • Create a Chrome OS recovery image and write it on an SD card or flash drive.
  • Enter into the Developer mode by pressing and holding the Esc + Refresh + Power buttons together.
  • When you are in the recovery mode, press the Ctrl + D shortcut keys to enable the Developer mode.
  • Press the Enter key and wait for 15 minutes for the Chromebook to reboot and enter into the Developer mode.
How to Install Linux on a Chromebook

After entering into the Developer mode:

  • This section will help you to install Crouton (Linux OS scripts) on the Chromebook.
  • Download Crouton and save it to the Downloads folder since the folder can be shared by both the OS environments.
  • Next, open the Terminal window on your Chromebook by pressing the Ctrl + Alt + T shortcut keys.
  • In the Terminal window, type the ‘shell’ command to enter into the Ubuntu shell.
  • Next, type the ‘sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -t xfce’ command to install the Crouton software.
  • Use the ‘sudo sh ~/Downloads/crouton -t xiwi,xfce’ command if you are using the Crouton Integration extension.
  • If you are using a touchscreen Chromebook, then enter ‘sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -t touch,xfce’ in the Terminal window.
  • Wait until the Crouton software is installed on your Chromebook.
  • After completing the installation, type the ‘sudo startxfce4’ command in the Terminal window to start the Ubuntu Linux desktop environment.
  • For ARM-based Chromebooks, you can switch back to the Chrome OS by pressing the Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Back shortcut keys and switch forward to Linux by pressing the Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Forward shortcut keys.
  • On Intel-based Chromebooks, switch back to Chrome OS with the help of Ctrl + Alt + Back shortcut keys and use the Ctrl + Alt + Forward shortcut keys to switch forward to Linux desktop environment.
  • Now, We have seen how to install Linux on a Chromebook.
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